Project of archeological monument revitalization

Grant project for years 2015/2016

Project agreement for realization of project for conservation and revitalization of cultural and natural heritage and the Support of diversity in culture and art within the European cultural heritage.

Research on mountain fortified with rampars
Right on the hill Molpir was in Action called Georadar, which send off to the ground electromagnetic waves with the frequency of 400 MhZ, these waves reflect any kind of objects and they are comming back to the top, where they  are recorded. Maximum cutting depth below floor is about 1-2 metres, depends on the moisture and content of clay in the soil. There were used 2 apparatuses  SIR from the GSSI company from the USA.

The current situation
It is now an archaeological site Molpír despite its importance largely neglected. Almost the whole area is overgrown fort volunteer trees and shrubs, causing impaired access to it. In the past it was possible to move freely through most of the area today can be penetrated only by the nature trail, but also the increasingly narrows as shrubs to operate on it. As a result of negligence visible Molpír we are increasingly faced with the indifference of its visitors. Almost all the way along the trail we can see rubbish left by the casual tourist. Visit the national cultural heritage that in recent years is rapidly declining, and do not to address this situation, there is a risk that the public interest in the fort on Molpír disappears completely.
Fort area, especially the first and second courtyard, in the past served as pasture for cattle. JRD (common farm) Smolenice was at that time the owner Molpír who regularly cut the grass. The turning point came when Molpír became the property of the municipality and the cutting the grass and maintenance are no longer resources. Matters worse, people still less keep pets rebuilt and reconstructed fort is used as pasture. A result of these factors, overgrown began seeding of trees, in addition to a few years ago came to Molpírom for planting cherry and so fort reached in its present form.
Along the three courtyard fort stretches nature trail with several information boards. One is located on the parking lot at the church. In the village or the surrounding area, however, no indication that the Smolenice is so important monument we find. Therefore, many visitors Smolenice fort or visited, but some very discouraging view of his plight. Although information boards served us some information about the fort, but in some places but find it hard to make us alert. After passing the first and second barbican after the constriction pavement as a result of growing volunteer trees we get to the gate in the central part of the fort, which is also overgrown with self-seeded trees. Cult place at which they were years ago after reconstruction clearly visible place of sacrifice and the wall of the sanctuary is now the naked eye can not see at all. Similarly, even with a tank, which is, as a cult place, located in the central part of the fort.

History of archeological site
Molpír fort on the hill, which is situated at the eastern foot of the Small Carpathians has been inhabited since ancient times. Although Molpír been inhabited since prehistoric times in the oldest (younger Stone Age), most of the findings come from the Iron Age, which is called the Hallstatt period, according to the site of Hallstatt in Upper Austria (8- 6th century. BC.). From this period comes also the fort that existed here around the 7th to the early 6th century BC. It is one of the most important sites of this period in Central Europe. On top of a strategically advantageous position Molpír was uncovered significant and so far the biggest socio-economic center of the people East-Hallstatt culture (on a geographical interface and Kalenderberg Lusatian culture). Fort may have at that time an estimated 600-700 people. Findings of Molpír demonstrate that this was an important power and political center with a developed economic and cult (religious) life.
Molpir fort to be very advantageous strategic position. It was located at the crossroads of trade routes which way led trade route linking the south-eastern and northern Europe. It was built on a remote road going from south-East Alpine area further along Lake Neusiedl, through Bratislava Gate (Castle Hill), along the eastern slopes of the Little Carpathians and also believes continued north. Jablonica pass in turn allows the immediate connection deemed to Pomoravie.
Fort is interesting and its a great area of 12 hectares. This is the type highlands of the settlement, which has been built fortifications still characterized by a defensive castle. Location was fortified ramparts and three transverse. Non-fortified remained only a steep slope into the valley Hlboča. Molpír was undoubtedly one of the largest fortified settlements Iron Age, not only in Slovakia but also throughout the Carpathian Basin. It is divided into three parts - the first and the second ward and the highest located central part, which we call the Acropolis. This has been reviewed almost completely. Gradually there were uncovered several objects: Strength perimeter wall with two gates and the oval tower on one of its external part, further 62 buildings (residential and craft activities), 7 ovens, cult place and tank. Fortification fort consisted of a stone wall two meters wide and reclaimed land with a wooden box construction, 2 m wide too, which they were on the inside of built close together in a row homes and production facilities. Fort was bounded outer walls, which consisted of stone-mound of aluminum, which in some places was replaced by a stone wall. The entrance gate of the Acropolis had a width of 2 m, on both sides of the tower were placed with the size of 2 x 4 m, the amount of which originally amounted to about 3 m. Residential buildings accounted for both as log and wheeled construction (the walls were strung wicker and were on both sides painted by clay). Some houses had a stone and the tiling. The first defensive wall was built entirely under the foot and extends next to the road that runs along the cemetery today. The second wall, stretching Molpír center, was built in another way as the first. From inside and from the outside, was built of stone, while the broader middle part was backfilled stone and clay. Both walls were defensive. Molpír below the top of the remains of the third wall, which forms the outer wall of its own fort, which was the seat of the elite strata of the population, as well as various workshops for the production of the necessary tools, weapons and other findings of daily use. The groundbreaking knowledge of life and habits of people Molpír include the discovery of the foundations of the shrine with stone walls with three stone "Altar," which is interpreted as a sacrificial pit. Meetings were likely cult rituals associated with religious life. The cult site was originally covered. His face lying towards the fort complex was carved into the rock. Shrine was 20 m long and 6 m wide. About "Altar" lay sacrificial objects and also remains of human bones.
Fort major disadvantage was that it is not here any source of water. To supply residents with water but served source close Tomasek, which is located on the steep slopes. Water on the fort also capture cistern carved into bedrock, which was located in the third courtyard. The material culture of the people Molpír was due to contact with the near and distant neighborhood varied. This is evidenced by found from the northern Italian imports and East Alpine environment, whether in terms of different body decorations as well as clothing, jewelry, weapons and weapons components. Fighters were also on horseback, so its not surprising that harness, bridles particular, as well as its components. It is important to emphasize that the high concentration of these extraordinary findings points to the fact that Molpír was inhabited privileged population groups at high social status. Most of the findings were made mainly from bronze or iron, also machined from animal bones, antlers, stone. Ornaments were made sometimes of amber and glass. This is particularly the various components of jewelry and clothing, tools, as well as part of the armament and the horse harness, bronze and pottery as well as a large number of everyday objects made of clay, such as whorls, weaving weights and cult objects, called. idols.
Termination fort is associated with the disaster, which caused its sudden end. As a result, many preserved objects of daily use and inventory of homes to us to some extent arises insight into the everyday life of inhabitants fort. It comes from the site and a large number of bronze arrowheads called. Scythian type that used RIDING-nomadic groups of people from Eastern Carpathian region. The first mention of archaeological research in Molpírom date back to the 19th century. As first of this rare archaeological site occupied a local priest Ferdinand Sándorfi, which also published its findings. In the twenties of the 20th century to exploring the Molpír decided to continue and Stefan Jansak in the coming period as well as other researchers. The first systematic research conducted fort Archaeological Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences in the period 1963-71 under the direction of Nicholas and Sigrid Dušekových. During this period, it performs large surface outcrop fort when examined a substantial part of the third courtyard and a smaller part of the second ward.
Renewed archaeological research in 2008 under the leadership of S. Stegmann-Rajtarová attested except settlement in the older Iron Age (Hallstatt) and settlement in the Iron Age (Celts) and the Early Middle Ages (Slavic). The aim of verification research was therefore to identify detailed stratigraphy of the site and define different periods of settlement. Accurate documentation of settlement patterns enabled us to create a picture of the development of settlements and large collection of finds us a total of about material life at the fort inhabitants. Have a limited range of field work clearly confirmed that it is an important place, which is based on the unique discovery important not only for Slovakia, but also for the whole of Central Europe. Just during the formation of the Iron Age there was a first cultural unification of the Central European region (formation of Hallstatt culture), part of which was the territory of western Slovakia. In 1965, this was an important archaeological site declared a cultural monument in 1990 and a national cultural monument.

The project aims
The project aims to revitalize the fort is mainly to attract the interest of the general public about the national cultural heritage and increase its traffic. In the future, we want to initiate archaeological excavations continued in the first and second courtyard, which have not yet been explored globally. This would allow even begin to actively cooperate with international organizations in the field of cultural and historical heritage of the country, initiated exchanges for students of archeology in ongoing research at the fort. In the future we would like, eg. also offer group visits for schools attended by the wizard.

The project itself is primarily intended for residents, visitors to the region from other parts of Slovakia but also from abroad, students and anyone interested in the history and cultural traditions. For these people it will generate tangible results. The main impact and positive contribution to the project will have populations of western Slovakia and vice versa foreign tourists coming to Slovakia, who admire the historical heritage of our ancestors.
The second important group of children , students and young people who want to raise the spirit of knowledge of their culture and continuation of traditions and customs for future generations. During different actions and events in the restored areas Hradiska Molpír will be able to discover the atmosphere of the time, when the Hradisku pulsing life. On the renovated area will regularly organize events, especially where the school organized groups, demonstrations demonstration of contemporary life, which will help the learning process of the curriculum.
Participation in the project will be affected by local and regional authorities, which fall into the hands of another form of options present themselves and their surroundings more attractive for tourists, but also ordinary people . Similarly, non-governmental and non-profit organizations that seek to support regions with lower levels of employment, but with great potential natural or cultural heritage.

The project stages
The project is planned to take place in the following stages:
Stage I - clean and more accessible walkway extending from 1 yard to the central part of the fort, cleaning up the central part of the hillfort (acropolis) by self-seeding plants: a - the gateway to the central part of the adjacent walls, b - a shrine with sacrificial ground (circular and semicircular pit), c-tank, ensure the protection of the central fort before robbers and archaeological findings from other destructive effects monitoring in cooperation with the citizens of Smolenice and the police.
Stage II - cleaning 1 and 2 courtyards of volunteer trees.
Stage III - expansion and update information boards, preparation and printing of information brochures on the fort, fort promotion, souvenir shop, the location of the container (in the form of dwelling) in souvenirs, brochures, promotional materials and continuing archaeological research.

Currently running projects

  • Service contracts
    Subject of the contract: Aerial photography and laser scanning
  • Service contract
    Subject of the contract: Geophysical measurememnts at the site fort Molpír
  • Service contract
    Subject of the contract:  Engeneering, focus of the actual state of construction
  • The service contract on public procurement
    Subject of the contract: Consulting services in the field of public procurement

 

Photodocumentation